About Penang Hill Biosphere Reserve (PHBR)

Penang Hill Biosphere Reserve (PHBR) is the the latest UNESCO-designated biosphere reserve on Penang Island. Spanning across approximately 12,482 hectares, this reserve encompasses the Penang Hill Rainforest and various other wooded regions on the island. Here, you will encounter a remarkable array of plant and animal species, making it a vital hub for preserving biodiversity. The reserve harbours diverse flora and fauna, playing a crucial role in biodiversity conservation.

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